TIG Welding Techniques

TIG Welding Techniques

Like brazing with an oxy-fuel torch, TIG welding involves using an arc to create a fusion of the material. Welding requires more skill. Accordingly, you should set the TIG welder to the smallest ampere needed to complete the job. Lean each and every TIG Welding Techniques to become a professional TIG Welder.

The process uses small puddles and high-heat areas. The arc doesn’t transfer metal, therefore spatter doesn’t form. Below are the details about positioning the welding torch and stopping the weld. Welding thin metals, exotic minerals, and pipelines with TIG are common.

TIG Welding Techniques

Most commonly, aluminum and magnesium are the only metals greater than 14 inches. Metals less than 3/16 inches thick may not need edge preparation. In metals thicker than 3/16, machines or grinders need to bring edges to the point of complete penetration. HTS-2000 brazing rods can replace aluminum TIG welding.


Oil, grease, paint, rust, dirt, and other contaminants must be removed from areas to be welded before TIG welding can begin. It is possible to clean using a mechanical device or a liquid or a vapor.

Methods of striking an arc include:

  • I briefly touch the electrode to work and quickly remove it.
  • An apparatus ignites electrodes.
  • We create an ionized path for the main arc by initiating a small pilot arc and maintaining it.

High-Frequency Arc Stabilizers

With alternating current (AC), arc stabilizers at high frequencies are essential. A similar arc starting pattern exists for them. In welding circuits, high voltage results in arcs initiating at high frequency. An electrode and piece of work make contact through the shielding gas, and high voltage (low current), which oxidizes the gas, causes it to conduct and produce an arc.

The absence of ionization makes a gas conductible. When DC welding begins, the high-frequency voltage is turned off. When welding aluminum, the ac is usually left on while welding. These TIG welding techniques are highly suitable for beginners.

Description Of Manual TIG Process

The TIG torch is held at about a 15-degree travel angle once the arc starts once manually welds have been performed. During mechanized welding, the electrode holder is vertical.

A small circle is welded around the arc to start a manual welding process. Welding must not take place before a suitable pool of flux has been established. After the surface to be welded has fused, the electrode is slowly moved along the adjoining surfaces to melt them. Arc progression along a joint leads to the solidification of molten metal, and the welding cycle is complete.

You can move welding rods and torch tips gradually and smoothly to protect the weld metal area. A large gas shield cover will shield air. Gases such as argon are usually used as shields.

The angle at which TIG rods are welded

In conjunction with the welding rod, the molten pool is fed slowly at a 15-degree angle from the work surface. You must keep welding rods in their inert gas shields while they are heated. In order to melt the rod and the edge of the joint, it is necessary to press the rod against the joint in the direction of the weld. You will become a professional TIG welder after applying all these TIG welding techniques.

This method allows multi-pass welding of grooved joints. In welding, you can use three methods, including feeding filler metal continuously into the molten pool from an oscillating plate and producing large arcs with the welding rod as a guide. Welding rods move in one direction while arcs move in the opposite direction, but welding rods feed into molten pools and are always close to them. If filler metal is required during automatic welding, it is mechanically integrated into the molten pool of the welding rod (wire).

TIG Process Welding Position

A weighing these factors, as well as the welding cost, determines where to weld. In the flat position, welding takes the shortest time and therefore is the least expensive. This position allows for maximum penetration and deposition due to the large volume of metal available. In addition, it is easy to get sound reinforcement in this position.

A vertical-up position will allow for good penetration, but the welding rate will be slower due to gravity’s influence on the molten weld metal. Poor penetration is the result of welding vertically down. When the molten metal of the weld does not have time to deposit thin layers of weld metal, fusion does not take place. The torch is generally angled downward at about 75 degrees from the weld surface when raised vertically or at an angle flat on the table. Weld metal oxidizes when there is too great an angle between the shielding gas and weld metal.

In addition to square grooves, V-grooves, and T-joints, all other types of joints can be welded using this technique. In general, 1/8″ thick base metal does not need to be beveled. Thinner than (3.2 mm) is preferred. Filler metals are continually added to wider bases. Continually welding, intermittently welding, and spot welding is possible with gas tungsten arc welding. You can use machines or hands.

Gas Flow

For the gas nozzle and material size, set the gas flow at the recommended volume. This holds true for welding machine settings such as amperage and strength of the current.

Operating Variables

In a nutshell, the following variables contribute to the TIG Process:

  • Electrical characteristics of the welding current and voltage.
  • Shape, composition, and capacity of electrodes.
  • Argon, helium, or a mixture of both as a welding shielding gas.
  • Materials that are similar to the metal to be joined as well as acceptable for the intended service.

TIG Welding Techniques

  • Make sure that the gas flow recommended by the nozzle is suitable for the metal size.
  • In the next step, adjust the machine’s current and amperage to the recommended setting for TIG welding.
  • Find the foot control and turn the welder on. Place the control in a comfortable area.
  • Strike the arc with the foot control.
  • You can add a filler rod after the puddle has formed.
  • Adding the filler rod helps prevent contamination of the tungsten puddle with the TIG welding torch.
  • You should clean all metal joints and surfaces before welding using chemical or mechanical procedures (scraping, grinding, wire brushing). You must use the same materials for the metal wire brush as the metal you will be welding. (Aluminum is the only exception to using a stainless steel brush.)
    Chemical solvents are all made from harsh chemicals like acetone (to wash away rust and oxidation from steel) and alcohol’s gentle cleaning properties.
    TIGEvery type of welding uses TIG welding.
  • Metal Size and TIG Welding
    1. Generally, TIG is not suitable for metals larger than 14 inches, aside from magnesium and aluminum.
    2. Under 3/16 inch metal does not require edge preparation.
    3. Machined or ground edges help the bead penetrate thin metals.

Fusion joints created by TIG

Joints with square butts

You should place the tungsten electrode in the middle of the two metals. Angles for TIG welding square butt joints:

  • An electrode angle of 20 to 30 degrees
  • Work at 90 degrees
  • 60 to 70-degree dray angle

Let’s hit the arc next. The tungsten should be at least 1/8 inch away from the metal. When the puddle forms, reinforce it with a filler rod. Bead movement should be as fast as possible.

T-Joints and Lap Joints

In-Plane Welding:

  • Join flat metals using lap joints and T-joints with tack welding every three inches.
  • You will join in a flat position at the joints.
  • At a torchbearer’s location:
    1. Drag angle of 60 to 70 degrees
    2. The angle of work of 10 to 20 degrees
  • You should weld the horizontal edge instead of the vertical edge.
  • The arc will create a puddle.
  • As the melting metal edges melt, a puddle in the shape of a “C” will appear.
  • A standard recommendation is to place electrodes approximately 1/8 inch above the base metal.
  • Adding a filler rod in front of the electrode should solve the problem.  Move your electrode back to the center of the puddle.
  • Move forward with the bead, repeating the TIG process.
  • It’s important to move the electrode towards the rear to fill the crater, and then remove the electrode from the welding zone.
  • Slowly raise the TIG torch to protect yourself from the gas while the puddle solidifies.

Welders should be positioned like this: The drag angle of the to

  • 60-75 degrees is the optimal drag angle for the torch
  • Angles of 15 – 30 degrees are ideal for work. Position the welders so that their work angles are between 15 and 30 degrees, and this will aid in keeping the puddle from drooping.

Keeping a smaller puddle than when metal is flat will protect it from sagging. To prevent the sagging of the puddle, add a filler rod at the top edge.

How To Stop Welding

Welders control the welding current by foot or hand switches. Electricity is shut off when welding stops. As they also control the welding current, they enable the welder to obtain excellent attachment and penetration.

Immediately cutting off the electrode will stop welding, but the gas shielding may be disturbed, exposing the welding pool and tungsten to oxidation. During the molten puddle, filler rod, and tungsten electrode cleaning process, shielding gas should be on for a few seconds to prevent contaminants from entering the molten puddle.

Filler Metals

The thickness of the filler metal and the joint design will determine the need for filler metal at joints. To weld manually, we feed a welding rod into the molten metal pool from the left side.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do you push or pull TIG welding?

When joining aluminum, stainless steel, or steel with TIG welding, use argon gas. Using the push method is better with TIG welding than the pull method for MIG welding. Although TIG welding is a slower process, its aesthetic effects are much better.

What should a TIG weld look like?

An attractive weld is clean and that uniform color, both inside and outside, matches that of the base metal. August14PWT. Due to excessive heat build-up along with the bead, the top weld burned out. To prevent this, start welding at the left side first and stop after an inch or two.

What is needed for TIG welding?

There are three main components of TIG welding: a welder device welding electrode holders, and tungsten electrodes. Protection gas is supplied and controlled.

What is the TIG welding process?

GTAW (Gas Tungsten Arc Welding) is a process that involves welding tungsten electrodes. TIGS (Tungsten Inert Gas) is another name for this procedure. A new welding method that united magnesium and aluminum was developed overnight in the 1940s: inert tungsten gas (TIG).

Why is TIG welding so hard?

A TIG welding process is more finite and has more variables involved. MIG machines aren’t as simple to use as lasers, for example. Care, coordination, and patience are required during this slower process. As a consequence, TIG produces some of the best-looking welds.

Final Verdict

We have summarized the TIG welding techniques and every tip related to TIG welding. If you want to become a professional TIG welder, it is necessary to adopt every tip and trick. If you still face any problems, you can ask anytime in the comment section.

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